Pakistan's recent initiatives for talks with India should be seen in the context of economic and international pressure on them, former Pakistani ambassador to the United States, Husain Haqqani, told reporters here on Tuesday.
His comments came just before the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in Kyrgyzstan on 13 and 14 June. India and Pakistan are part of the regional security group and leaders of both countries plan to attend the meeting in Bishkek.
In a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi last week, Prime Minister Imran Khan of Pakistan had asked for resumption of talks between the two countries to resolve all disputes.
But no meeting is planned between them on the sidelines of the summit.
Haqqani & # 39; s comments also came on a day when the Islamabad government presented its national budget in the midst of an austerity drive to strangle the country out of the financial mess. Earlier this month at the Eid festival, Khan said that the defense budget will not increase due to "our critical financial situation". The defense budget presented on Tuesday reflected that the sentiment was presented without increase in spending compared to the previous fiscal year.
Weeks ago, the Khan government negotiated a $ 6 billion bailout package with the International Monetary Fund to overcome the financial woes. Haqqani said that another high-level meeting between India and Pakistan would be useless unless it is accompanied by the dismantling of the terrorist infrastructure in Pakistan and the idea that the two countries are "permanent enemies".
"Between 1950 and December 2015, when Modi fell on Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in Lahore, the leaders of the two countries met 45 times," he said, but talks never led to lasting peace.
"The door to negotiations should never be considered permanently closed, but the dialogue should not be an end in itself," he repeated. Haqqani, now director of South and Central Asia at the Hudson Institute, is considered an uncompromising critic of the Pakistani established order and jihadist ideology. He has often expressed his differences of opinion with the establishment during public discussions.
In an article recently published, he wrote that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is right when he found that conversations before the conversations are meaningless, as long as Pakistan refuses to change its view of its larger neighbor as a permanent enemy.
According to Haqqani, the hostility toward India stems from Pakistan's national ideology, based on religious identity and antipathy, cultivated by the army that dominates the country. Like many other countries, India and Pakistan have unresolved disputes, he said, but other countries do not have national ideologies revolving around opposition to others.
"Pakistan tends to engage with India for global respectability, but its dominant army is unable to lose its ideological aversion to normal ties with India," he emphasized. The former diplomat quoted the Pakistani army and said it was "disproportionate to an external threat."
"It needs a threat commensurate with its size to justify its claims about the lean sources of a low-income country," he said, adding to Pakistan that a third of the army of British India was inherited, originally was brought up before the Second World War.
. (tagsToTranslate) Hussain Haqqani (t) Imran Khan (t) India (t) Indo-Pak (t) Islamabad (t) Narendra Modi (t) nawaz sharif (t) pakistan (t) terrorism